In-House Counsel- A comprehensive Guide

A company employee who practices law on behalf of the organization is known as an in-house counsel. Like any other employee, the in-house counsel works largely to meet the demands of the company. The in-house counsel practices law in a professional manner as a lawyer, and therefore is bound by the laws and guidelines governing that activity. 

The two main categories of counsel in a standard corporate law dept are staff counsel & senior counsel, which include general counsel and other senior-level attorneys with legislative oversight. The General Counsel (GC), who often also works as the company's Chief Legal Officer, is in charge of the legal department. In all legal matters, the General Counsel usually counsels the Board of Directors and the officials of the organization. The GC is frequently directly answerable to the CEO and is seen as a crucial member of the governing board. 

In-house counsels have a significant impact on all of the decisions that are made by an organization or other entity, considering their broad designation as legal advisors. Although counsel will often be more concerned with the legal aspects of the decision-making process than with the actual ramifications of the business plan, understanding of the former is necessary for counsel to properly safeguard the corporate legal interests.

Why Work as an In-House Counsel?

1. Practical Legal Experience

In-house counsel have the chance to work on cases that span the full spectrum of legal concerns, whereas first-year affiliates at a law firm are most likely to be assigned to a team specialising in one particular area of the law. An inhouse counsel must be ready for the plethora of legal issues that arise, whether it is a fairly simple contract law matter or 1. complicated civil action. 

Corporate legal organizations provide several chances for practical litigation exposure. The in-house counsel nevertheless contributes significantly to the case, even when a corporate body hires outside counsel.

2. Learning Opportunities

For the in-house counsel, the most valuable benefit of the job opportunity is its proximity to the daily activities of the company, including those activities that require legal expertise. The job also gives the in-house lawyer the chance to learn about and improve his or her legal skills, which could later prove invaluable to the attorney in a law firm. In-house counsel, like associates at law firms, also learn to handle clients from different socio-economic backgrounds.

3. Intellectual Stimulation and Personal Growth

Because of the opportunity to learn, in-house counsels gain considerable professional growth from their work. They also gain satisfaction from learning about new business strategies and techniques, such as how to best approach management on a particular topic. This may involve working closely with managers and other staff members, which gives a lawyer insight into other aspects of the company.

4. Better Career Opportunities

A corporate legal organization can offer more career advancement opportunities than a large law firm. For example, it is easier for an in-house lawyer to become a partner. While this does not happen very often, in-house lawyers may also find opportunities for leadership and partnership within their own organization.

5. Quality of Lifestyle

The high "quality of life" is generally the biggest advantage corporate lawyers have over their firm peers. The consistent nature of in-house counsel's workplace environment is priceless. The in-house field of work differs from those of lawyers at organizations and there are no required billable hours, no duty for acquiring new customers, and no partnership record. As inhouse counsel, many women in the legal field also find it simpler to reconcile the responsibilities of work and family.

Top 10 things you need to know to be Successful as a In-House Counsel

1. Understand Your Role

In-house counsel must fully comprehend that they are the company's consultants. Legal risk is only one of several significant hazards that businesses must deal with. It is your responsibility to recognize the different hazards & provide advice to your business executives that will help them make wise decisions. Hardly will you have the last say in any particular matter. The sooner you realize it, the greater colleague & counselor you will be. Your responsibility includes both enabling the firm and defending it. Those aren't always compatible, therefore think of inventive ways to resolve conflicts between these two goals.

2. Establish Relationships

With Your Supervisor: Based on your position within the legal department and its organisational structure, it's likely that your general counsel or supervising counsel is your top priority client. grow in value to them. Even if you are completely new, suggest that you work on projects' components if you can find areas where you can contribute. Make things seem appealing. If you're ghostwriting for them, pay attention to their strategy & technique and endeavor to imitate it. 

With the commercial clients: Business executives who are usually not attorneys make up your regular client. Before any legal concerns develop, become familiar with your clients. Establish your essential internal business relations and set up meetings with them as soon as possible. Discover their values, aspirations, and the best way to engage with them. You are going to be in more favorable position to assist them if you are aware of their main obstacles, both legal and otherwise. Since they are not attorneys, they will communicate differently and most likely not through a formal legal memo. 

With your professional coworkers: Meet friends and colleagues both within and outside of the industry in addition to your manager & clientele. Develop a reputation for being friendly, approachable, and cooperative. Clients and supervisors realise that "excellent work promotes more great work" as the rewards become clear.

3. Take on a "Coachable Spirit"

In-house counsel must be willing to listen, learn and change when circumstances require. Your client will not expect you to read all of their business documents, however, they may expect that you will understand what they are trying to say. If you fail to understand them, they will quickly lose confidence in you. Remember that they do not wish to discuss all of their issues at once. You must first establish trust & rapport. Then you can get them to open up about their concerns.

4. Be Proactive, not Reactive

It's easy to let a problem simmer until it boils over into disaster. But if you could foresee a problem before it happens, you could avoid a major loss. One way to prepare for problems is to keep an open dialogue with your clients. You can ask questions, listen, and even provide advice. And, if your client is going through a transition or restructuring phase, you can help them understand the impact these changes will have on your relationship with them.

5. Field excursions

  •  Whenever possible, visit the company's performance in person. 
  • Visit high-level, middle-level, and low-level operations, regardless of how insignificant they might have seemed at first. 
  • When you first start out as in-house counsel, schedule time on your calendar to visit every location to get a sense of how the business is run.

6. Regain Control Over Your Perfectionism

After working as in-house counsel, you'll probably feel like you're a million miles away from your former job. The difference may be even more pronounced once you've left the firm, but you must try to regain control over your perfectionism. Make time to be perfect when you are actually doing your job, and don't let your perfectionism bleed over into your personal life.

7. Be Flexible

You must adapt quickly to changing situations. Business executives have a limited amount of time to make decisions, and you can't take anything for granted. For example, you could be dealing with an investigation from the SEC or other regulatory body. It's important that you're flexible and have plans in place to react to any problems.

8. Legal Matters

  • Understand the company's specific legal challenges. Once you know the legal issues and the legal challenges, it will be easier for you to understand the business needs and make sure that they align with the law. 
  • Some employees at the organisation BELIEVE they are better knowledgeable about the law than you are, and some of those individuals ARE better versed in the law than you are. So if you're going to work for the organisation, then accept the fact that the organisation has a lot of expertise in legal matters. Do not conduct yourself as though you are an all-knowing professional. 
  • Be cautious when dealing with monopolistic law firms. Many of them operate by using a network of other lawyers and are trying to charge a fee just for the privilege of dealing with the case.

9. Be Prepared for Any Question

As an in-house counsel, you should be prepared for every question, because they might come at any time. Even the most innocuous question could potentially lead to a lawsuit. In some states, employees are required to answer routine questions during an interview. In other states, employers are not allowed to ask questions that reveal information about the employee’s health or finances. If your state doesn't require such questions, it's always a good idea to ask your human resources department about the rules.

10. Recognize the need to contribute in areas other than your legal role

There's a lot more to you than just the law. Simply said, excellent, timely legal work is "the key to admittance." Due to the hourly billing model utilised by legal firms, it can occasionally be instinctive to deliberately avoid what was once thought of as quasi work. When entering the house, leave such way of thinking outside. Understanding the industry, its strategy, decision-makers, decision-making processes, and how the law effectively pertains to and promotes the business principles are an in-house lawyer's biggest advantages over external counsel. 

It goes without saying that you have been engaged to handle legal matters, therefore you must safeguard from excessive scope creep. Nevertheless, it can be useful to identify at least one or two projects that benefit your business associates but aren't strictly legal.

How IALM will help you?

  • There are 3 skills that you need to be very strong with: contracts, compliances, and litigation management. If any of these areas are weak for you, let us help you. Call us, and we will tell you exactly how and what courses you need.
  • You can get mentorship and support in your job hunt. You will get notified of relevant opportunities and develop a professional network that includes other In-house counsels either teaching for us or studying in various courses.


To conclude, we hope this post has helped you with some good information about In-house counsel. Hopefully, these tips can be useful to you if you decide to take on this new career path.

About IALM
Indian Academy of Law & Management ("IALM") bridges the skills gap between what is being taught in Indian law schools or in any Indian law institute, by providing online law courses in various disciplines...
Contact Us
81, National Park, Lajpat Nagar-IV, New Delhi, Delhi 110024, India
Follow Us
Social Links

Copyright © 2013 - 2023, IALM All RIGHTS RESERVED
Launch your GraphyLaunch your Graphy
100K+ creators trust Graphy to teach online
IALM 2024 Privacy policy Terms of use Contact us Refund policy