Mon Sep 26, 2022
The unshackled or free flow of information is a critical pillar of a healthy democracy. The fundamental right to free speech and expression, which includes the freedom to acquire information, is guaranteed under Article 19(1)(a) of the Indian constitution.
In the landmark 1976 case of Raj Narain v. State of Uttar Pradesh, the Supreme Court of India upheld a decision by the high court which mandated the release of an unpublished government document. This judgment paved the way for the Right to Information Act. This revolutionary act, usually referred to as RTI Act, seeks to improve government organizations' transparency.
The Right to Information Act of 2005 replaced the Freedom of Information Act of 2002. The primary flaw of the original act was that it did not recognize the public's right to information and limited the appeals to internal government bodies. The RTI act seeks to address the shortcomings of the freedom of information act and increase the effectiveness of the law by making it more affordable and accessible to all Indian citizens who seek information.
The Right to Information Act was a ground-breaking tool for the Indian people in promoting, defending, and upholding their right to information. It allows any Indian public authority the ability to request information. NRIs and foreign nationals are not eligible for the freedom to information act of 2005. Under the Right to Information Act, people can request information from public authorities, including government organizations. The statute outlines the guidelines and steps for making an information request. Any official government document can be requested, and certified copies of it can be obtained.
If the application is being sent through the post, it is recommended that you should opt for registered mail since, in this case, you will receive a confirmation that your request was delivered.
Some states and Central government departments offer the public the facility of submitting RTIs online. Online RTI for central government can be applied through the official portal https://rtionline.gov.in.
On this page, click the submit request option. The "Guidelines for the use of RTI ONLINE PORTAL" page will appear. Various instructions for utilizing the RTI online portal can be found on this screen. Select the checkbox, then press the submit button.
The screen for the online RTI request form will then appear. From the Select Ministry/Department/Apex body option, choose the ministry or department for which the applicant wants to submit an RTI.
SMS notifications will be sent to that device if the applicant gives a mobile number. The fields with an asterisk (*) are required; all others are optional.